How Do Homeowners Use Home Equity?

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Rising residential real estate values mean an increase in home equity for American homeowners, and many are taking advantage of this fresh source of revenue. Black Rock, a mortgage software company, recently released a report that said rising home values over the last 18 months have increased the equity stake homeowners have by $53,000. They also report an average of just under $178,00 in available home equity per homeowner.

Top Reasons for Borrowing Against Home Equity

The reasons for borrowing vary, with two of the most common being home improvement and debt consolidation. “What I am seeing is that home improvement tops that list. Second is college financing, and third is debt consolidation,” said Tom Becker, Hanscom FCU's chief lending officer.

The New York Times cited research in a 2022 article that showed that the metro Boston area had the largest share of homeowners who were considering using home equity for home improvements (54.33%). Other reasons included consolidating debt, getting money for investments, obtaining extra retirement income, and using the money for another reason.

3 Ways to Access Home Equity

There are generally three ways to access home equity: cash-out refinance, fixed-rate home equity loans, and home equity lines of credit.

With a cash-out refinance, you will be able to pay off your existing mortgage and get a cash payment for the remaining balance of the new loan. Payments and terms will be outlined for you by the lender and will function like any primary mortgage.

A fixed-rate home equity loan is also called a second mortgage. This type of loan lets you borrow one time at a fixed rate. You will pay fixed monthly payments as outlined in the terms of your agreement. Because the loan is paid to you in one lump sum, this is a popular option for debt consolidation or a home remodeling project.

A home equity line of credit (HELOC) is a credit line established against the equity in your home, allowing you to borrow as needed. These loans typically have a variable rate. You draw against the available credit line, replenishing it as you repay it. Because funds repeatedly become available, this is a common option for recurring payments such as college tuition or medical bills.

While Hanscom FCU does not originate fixed-rate home equity loans, we specialize in HELOCs. Members access our HELOC expertise on a regular basis, and our blog material on the topic remains our most popular online content.


For answers to the most commonly asked questions we get about HELOCs, download our free Equity Edge: Answers to Commonly Asked Questions. Consider it your homework before your home works for you. 

Use Home Equity Wisely


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Hanscom Federal Credit Union
Hanscom Federal Credit Union

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